Thekkady is the location of the Periyar National Park and the wildlife sanctuary is home to herds of elephants, sambar, tigers, gaur, lion-tailed Macaques and Nilgiri Langurs. The Wild Life Sanctuary was declared a Tiger Reserve in 1978. The main attraction is to watch the herds of wild elephants that come down to play in the splendid artificial lake. The sanctuary can be accessed through a nature walk, boating or jeep safari. Thekkady is considered a heaven for natural spices such as black pepper, cardamom, cinnamon and clove.